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Grasshoppers are a family of insects comprising more than 6,000 species belonging to the order Orthoptera.
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They are green, yellowish, or brown, depending on the species, and measure from 3 to 13 cm (without antennae). They have long slender antennae on their head and two long hind legs with which they move by jumping.
They have four wings, 2 of which are called elytra, which are harder and cover the other two at rest, like a case.
At the end of their abdomen, females have a long, slender, saber-shaped organ called the oviscapte. They use this to lay their eggs on the ground for incubation.
The most widespread species in Europe, particularly in France, is the giant green grasshopper, which measures between 2.8 and 4.2 cm long. It is continuously active and animates the days and nights of July.
The grasshopper inhabits meadows, woods, bushes, and damp places. It is found on all continents, but most species live in tropical areas.
Most grasshoppers are herbivorous and feed on leaves, grasses, flowers, and bark. However, some species are omnivorous and include insects, caterpillars, and even small vertebrates in their diet.
During the mating season, the males chirp to attract the females, who will choose the one with the most powerful song. After mating, the female lays her eggs on the ground and covers them with saliva.
The saliva forms a protective layer until they hatch. The nymphs emerge from their shells and will reach adulthood after a series of molts. The grasshopper lives for about six months.
The grasshopper does not scream in the sense that it does not vocalize. However, it does produce several types of sounds by rubbing its elytra one on top of the other, it is said to stride.
The male usually emits these striplings during the breeding season. But in some species, females also stridulate.
Grasshoppers are not very popular with farmers because they can destroy entire crops when they move around in thousands. This is why many are victims of insecticides, especially in the larval stage.