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The dragonflies are extraordinary animals. The body of these insects is divided into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen.
Printable Dragonfly Coloring Pages
The large compound eyes occupy most of the head. The thorax is relatively small and compact. The abdomen is thin and long.
They are predators and feed on other insects, and therefore their mouth apparatus is of the chewing type. They have a pair of tiny antennae, filiform, and arrows next to the head.
They have two pairs of membranous and rigid wings (due to their productive conservation) attached to the thorax. The legs are connected to the thorax in several six (three pairs); they are short and robust.
They can measure from 2 cm to 16 cm in length and span. However, the giant dragonfly that ever existed lived 250 million years ago and is known only in the fossil state.
It could reach as much as 70 cm in length and wingspan. The metamorphosis is of the gradual or incomplete type (hemimetabolous).
These insects are easily recognizable due to the peculiar characteristics of the wings’ position, the sizeable movable head, and the very different color patterns.
They remain perpendicular to the body either at rest or in flight, i.e., they do not bend along the body length as occurs with other insects.
They are speedy due to their wing flapping shape, which allows them to fly backward or stand still in full flight. They can be found near ponds, streams, or water fountains.
They feed on flies, beetles, bees, wasps, and other insects that they capture with great skill and devour with remarkable speed. Other dragonflies are often regarded as prey.
They can eat their prey while flying, or they can land to eat. They usually only accept moving prey, but is captured and held in captivity, they can eat anything, including their abdomen.
They are predators par excellence because from the larval stage, and they feed on captured prey. Odonates lay their eggs in or near water.
In some species, at the moment of egg-laying by the female, the male stays close by and repels other males that approach.
An unprotected female maybe, while laying her eggs, interrupted by another male, who grabs her and flies out with her trying to copulate.