The black currant is belonging to the family Grossulariacées (formerly Saxifragacées). It is widespread in the wild throughout Europe, as far away as Siberia and Central Asia.
It is a bushy shrub with slightly carmine leaves that exhale the characteristic scent of the fruit. Get these fruits by browsing this page because they are waiting for you to be colored. Happy coloring.
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Blackcurrant is native to Europe and is widely cultivated in Burgundy and the Dijon region. Blackcurrants need more winter cold than traditional fruit trees.
It thrives best in Northern France, but the new varieties selected by the INRA in Anger are less demanding. Classic varieties require the presence of a pollinating variety, but recent types are self-fertile. They are only blamed for being quite sensitive to powdery mildew (powdery mildew disease).
Blackcurrant is the richest in vitamin C (200 mg/100 g) of all European fruits, with kiwi fruit providing only 80 mg and orange 53 mg.
It also contains a lot of fiber, which makes it highly digestible. Blackcurrant is used to make liqueurs, syrups, juices, ice creams, sorbets, pastries, coulis, jams.
It can be eaten as a vegetable, sautéed with poultry meat. Before picking a bunch, wait until all the fruit is black and taste to check.
Blackcurrant can be stored at 0°C for two to three weeks without undergoing any noticeable alterations. The fruit can be frozen and kept for two years—Count 2 to 4 kg per plant on plants for more than four years old.
In the sun, it is sheltered from cold winds in non-calcareous soil. Prepare the soil at the end of the summer. All lands are suitable except those that are very calcareous.
Plant bushes 1 m apart, stems 60 cm apart. Expose to the sun in a place sheltered from spring frosts. Apply late winter treatment to protect the plants. Never treat during flowering.
Pruning is done in January – February. The shrub constantly renews its wood and can, therefore, withstand severe pruning. Prune the bush with two or three eyes above the ground after the first year.
Reduce the fruit-bearing stems to 30 cm in length, remove the others. In the following years, maintain the bushy, cup-shaped form by removing the oldest branches. Stem blackcurrant trees are pruned once they have reached maturity, with the branches cut at 45° to the trunk.
The fall of unripe fruit is caused by insufficient fruiting of the flowers. Small-fruited shrubs are self-fertile, but this often happens. Plant another variety next to it in autumn.