The American bison is famous for the hunting to which it was subjected in the second half of the 19th century. Get bison coloring pages here.
Your child can use the collection of bison images we prepared and color them.
Bison Coloring Pages Printable
It was indispensable to the Indians because it provided them with everything they needed: from meat to skins for clothes, for tents.
It lived in the prairies and forests of North America, from Mexico to Canada. It lived in vast herds, some of which was 60 kilometers long and 40 kilometers wide.
The hunt to which it was subjected reached its peak with the construction of the Pacific railway, which crossed the bison territory. It was so ruthless that, at the end of the last century, only a few hundred specimens remained alive.
The American bison lived in herds of thousands of individuals in the prairies of North America between the Mississippi and the Rocky Mountains.
Its distribution went from New Mexico to southern Canada. With the arrival of the European colonists, who called it “Buffalo”, its habitat changed radically with the construction of farms and settlements.
American bison are very robust cattle that can weigh up to 1 ton; the front part of their body is much more developed than the hindquarters.
On the back, it carries a characteristic hump, and its head is large and rounded with strong horns bent upwards and shorter than the other bovids.
The coat is reddish-brown, with thick, ruffled hair. On the neck, the forehead, and the throat, the hair is very long. The dimensions of the American bison vary between 21 and 35 cm of length.
The males, more robust than the females, can reach even the 190 cm of height at the withers and weigh, as an average, 750-900 kg.
The American bison lives in herds of 60-70 individuals, including a group of dominant adult females and younger specimens of both sexes.
During the winter season, the bison defend themselves from the cold thanks to their thick fur but are forced to dig in the snow to find food.
It feeds on grass, leaves, bushes, and shrubs, especially in the morning and at dusk; the rest of the day is dedicated to rumination, i.e., to regurgitate food already partially digested for a second chewing.
The mating season is around the last two weeks of August. The male bison are furious fights for the females’ possession, which reaches the sexual maturity around the age of 2, while the males later on.
The gestation of the bison lasts about nine months, at the end of which, usually in spring, only one cub is born.
For the first year of life, the small bison is nourished with the milk of any female specimen of the group. The average lifespan of the American bison is 20-25 years.