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Ants are invertebrate animals, with the most significant number of species in the insect group. They belong to the Philo Arthropoda, Hymenoptera Order, and all species are part of the Family Formicidae.
Printable Ant Coloring Pages
Anatomically, ants have three pairs of legs, one pair of compound eyes, one pair of antennas, and one pair of jaws. The pair of jaws make up their chewing mouth apparatus, essential for their life habits.
As for feeding, it can be said that it varies according to the species. Cutter ants, for example, feed on the fungus that they grow in their anthill. Meanwhile, other species use plant sap, nectar, insect shells, and human food leftovers to feed them.
Slicing ants nourish a fungus with pieces of vegetable. In return, they feed on the fungus.
Ants, like other insects, communicate through pheromones, a chemical substance that causes specific reactions between individuals of the same species. Thus, they can leave a chemical signal that serves as an alert or a warning to other ants.
Ants are holometábolos insects. That is, they present complete metamorphosis. They pass through the egg, larva, pupa, and adult stages. Ants are also social insects that live in colonies, where individuals do the divisions of tasks. In a colony, we find the queen, the workers, and the males.
All individuals pass through the egg, larva, pupa, and adult stages. However, what determines whether the female larvae will become queen or worker is the quantity and quality of the food they receive in this phase. Those who will become queens receive more food and better quality.
The workers are responsible for the construction, maintenance, and cleaning of the nest, care of the offspring, and defense.
The male is only responsible for the reproductive function. They remain in the nest until the nuptial flight when they look for a breeding female. After that, they die, even if they have not copulated.
Ants live in colonies. They can inhabit practically all environments, except the land poles.
Cutter ants build large nests underground, which can extend over several meters. Other species build their nests in small pieces of wood under the leaf litter of the forest. They can also be found on treetops, dried fruit, and decaying leaves, besides those found in urban environments.